Courtesy: GitHub

Android DragAndDropAcrossApps-new Sample

This sample contains two separate Android applications: DragSource and DropTarget. DragSource contains images and text that can be dropped into the DropTarget app. Images are shared between the two apps through a URI for which the receiving app must request permission first, before it can be used.

It also demonstrates the use of the DragStartHelper from the v13 support library to easily handle drag and drop events.

Introduction

Android N introduces support for drag and drop between applications, augmenting the existing APIs that have enabled this within a single window before.

To start a drag operation you need to call View.startDragAndDrop. Which gesture or action triggers this is up to you as an app developer. The API guide recommends doing this from View.OnLongClickListener.onLongClick and this seems to be the de-facto standard, but you are free to use other gestures (single tap, tap and drag etc). However, if you go for a unconventional drag start gesture, note that the framework implementation assumes that the pointer (touch or mouse) is down while the drag is starting, and the most recent touch/click position is used as the original position of the drag shadow.

See also android.support.v13.view.DragStartHelper which uses different gestures for touch and mouse (click and drag works better for mouse than a long click).

By default a drag and drop operation is constrained by the window containing the view that started the drag. To enable cross-window and cross-app drag and drop add View.DRAG_FLAG_GLOBAL to the flags passed to the View.startDragAndDrop call.

If a Uri requiring permission grants is being sent, then the android.view.View.DRAG_FLAG_GLOBAL_URI_READ and/or the android.view.View.DRAG_FLAG_GLOBAL_URI_WRITE flags must be used also. To access content URIs requiring permissions on the receiving side, the target app needs to request the android.view.DropPermissions from the activity via android.app.Activity.requestDropPermissions. This permission will stay either until the activity is alive, or until the release() method is called on the android.view.DropPermissions object.

Pre-requisites

  • Android SDK 26
  • Android Build Tools v26.0.1
  • Android Support Repository

Screenshots

Screenshot Screenshot

Getting Started

This sample uses the Gradle build system. To build this project, use the "gradlew build" command or use "Import Project" in Android Studio.

Support

If you've found an error in this sample, please file an issue: https://github.com/googlesamples/android-DragAndDropAcrossApps-new

Patches are encouraged, and may be submitted by forking this project and submitting a pull request through GitHub. Please see CONTRIBUTING.md for more details.

License

Copyright 2017 The Android Open Source Project, Inc.

Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more contributor license agreements. See the NOTICE file distributed with this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership. The ASF licenses this file to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at

http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0

Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations under the License.

compileSdkVersion 24

applicationId "com.example.android.droptarget"

minSdkVersion 24

targetSdkVersion 24

versionCode 1

versionName "1.0"

compile fileTree(dir: 'libs', include: ['*.jar'])

compile 'com.android.support:appcompat-v7:24.0.0'

compile 'com.android.support:support-v13:24.0.0'

compileSdkVersion 24

applicationId "com.example.android.dragsource"

minSdkVersion 24

targetSdkVersion 24

versionCode 1

versionName "1.0"

compile fileTree(dir: 'libs', include: ['*.jar'])

compile 'com.android.support:appcompat-v7:24.1.1'

compile 'com.android.support:support-v13:24.1.1'

package com.example.android.droptarget

package com.example.android.dragsource

uses-permission

  • android.permission.READ_EXTERNAL_STORAGE
  • android.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE

MainActivity

A simple launcher activity containing a summary sample description, sample log and a custom {@link android.support.v4.app.Fragment} which can display a view.

For devices with displays with a width of 720dp or greater, the sample log is always visible, on other devices it's visibility is controlled by an item on the Action Bar.

Create a chain of targets that will receive log data

MainActivity

A simple launcher activity containing a summary sample description, sample log and a custom {@link android.support.v4.app.Fragment} which can display a view.

For devices with displays with a width of 720dp or greater, the sample log is always visible, on other devices it's visibility is controlled by an item on the Action Bar.

Create a chain of targets that will receive log data

FileProvider

FileProvider